The Department of Foundations and Methods of Law in the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University organises a meeting of the Maastricht Foundations of Law Colloquia with A. Waltermann titled: ‘Can Zombies make law?’. The paper uses philosophical zombies as a (counterfactual) thought experiment to investigate under what conditions law as an institutionalised part of social reality can exist in a physical­ist universe. It argues that zombies have a facsimile of law – identical in all physical manifestations, but lacking meaning. What is required to move from the facsimile of law to law is intentionality. More precisely, what is required is that some individual(s) have conscious inten­tional states and take the intentional stance to (other) agents. This has implications for projects engaged in pragmatic naturalism and for AI research concerned with norm-creation by artificial agents.